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Microsoft Research Video

More than 1,100 brilliant scientists and engineers push the boundaries of computing in multiple research areas and include contributions to Kinect for Xbox 360, work to develop an HIV vaccine, and advancing education techniques in rural communities.

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Microsoft Research Video
Dec 28, 2014 Microsoft Research
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Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Microsoft Research Video
Dec 28, 2014 Microsoft Research
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Microsoft Research Video
Oct 28, 2014 Microsoft Research
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Microsoft Research Video
Oct 28, 2014 Microsoft Research
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Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Today’s software is large and complex, with systems consisting of millions of lines of code. New developers to a software project face significant challenges in locating code related to their maintenance tasks of fixing bugs or adding new features. Developers can simply be handed a bug and told to fix it–even when they have no idea where to begin. We can significantly reduce the cost of software maintenance by reducing the time and effort to find and understand code. In this talk, I will...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Christian Bird, Emily Hill
Microsoft Research Video
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One of the main challenges that the SemanticWeb faces is the integration of a growing number of independently designed ontologies. In this work, we present PARIS, an approach for the automatic alignment of ontologies. PARIS aligns not only instances, but also relations and classes. Alignments at the instance level cross-fertilize with alignments at the schema level. Thereby, our system provides a truly holistic solution to the problem of ontology alignment. The heart of the approach is...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Pushmeet Kohli, Fabian Suchanek
Semi-supervised learning is a class of machine learning techniques that aims to use unlabeled data to improve the performance of models trained by labeled data only. It is especially useful in scenarios where enormous amounts of unlabeled data are available with little cost. In this work, I investigate semi-supervised learning algorithms for prosodic and acoustic modeling. In particular, I propose an integrated training framework, which utilizes untranscribed speech to discover prosodic...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Geoffrey Zweig, Jui-Ting Huang
We’ve been conditioned to believe that true genius is a rarity ie. Einstein or Mozart. What if you can tap into a practical genius that will unleash your full potential and bring fulfillment to both work and life. Find the “sweet spot” between your skills and your creative passions to change the game and become extraordinary. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Gina Amaro Rudan
Microsoft Research Video
Nov 2, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Can we trust our intuitions? Daniel Kahneman reveals where we can and cannot trust instincts, exploring the machinery of the mind and the two systems that drive the way we think and make choices. System 1 is fast, intuitive, and emotional; System 2 is slower, more deliberative, and more logical. Bringing together years of research from one of the most influential psychologists in history, Thinking Fast and Slow will transform the way you think about thinking. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Daniel Kahneman
Microsoft Research Video
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We live in a data-heavy world. However telling a story that brings the data to life is a challenge. Most researchers are extremely adept at communicating the importance of their research projects and findings to other researchers and those familiar with the topic of the investigation. Fewer researchers are as effective at describing the importance of their work to a lay audience, whether that audience includes policy-makers, the public, the media or interested others. But that kind of...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Frank Martinez, Nam-ho Park
Microsoft Research Video
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Cells, a fundamental unit of life on this planet, are able to process information deriving both from outside and within to make life-preserving decisions. Molecular signals are passed within and between cells and generated in response to extracellular stimuli, and feed into biochemical networks that carry out the major functions of an organism: energy storage, protection from pathogens, time-of-day determination, etc. Understanding biological information processing is fundamental for learning...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Stephen Emmott, Neil Dalchau
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 31, 2011 Microsoft Research
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It is commonly acknowledged that web-scale collections have outgrown the capabilities of individual machines, necessitating the use of clusters to tackle many problems in information retrieval. The release of the 25-terabyte billion-page ClueWeb09 collection in 2009 and the increasing popularity of Hadoop, the open source implementation of the MapReduce distributed framework, have motivated academic researchers to think more seriously about cluster-based distributed retrieval solutions.In this...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Mike Taylor, Tamer Elsayed
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 31, 2011 Microsoft Research
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An emerging generation of artists is creating new forms of interactive experience that combine real and virtual worlds, and digital content with live action. I will draw on examples of these 'mixed reality performances' to illustrate the idea of the extended user experience that spans multiple real and virtual spaces, timescales, roles and interfaces. I will show how such experiences can be described in terms of interleaved trajectories. While initially grounded in examples from performance...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Andy Wilson, Steve Benford
Drawing on examples from my past and current research, I will use this talk to both respond to recent provocations (boyd and Crawford, 2011) about the role of “big data” in human communication research and technology studies and outline the value of anthropology, as a particular kind of “big data,” that warrants more attention. I will walk through what I see as the different dimensions of social inquiry that fall under the rubric of “big data” to argue for attending to different...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Jennifer Chayes, Mary Gray
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 28, 2011 Microsoft Research
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This talk consists of two parts. In the software design part we introduce a software metric that quantifies the essence of a software system. In the software performance part we present an approach to transparently capture perceptible performance bugs in real-world deployed interactive applications. In the first part of this talk we present an approach that partitions a software system into its algorithmically essential parts and the parts that manifest its design. Our approach is inspired by...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Todd Mytkowicz, Matthias Hauswirth
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 28, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Managed languages use memory safety to defend against inadvertent and malicious misuse of memory. Unmanaged native languages are increasingly integrating memory safety for the same reasons. A critical element of memory safety is initializing new memory before the program obtains it. Our experiments show that zero initialization is surprisingly expensive in a highly optimized managed runtime — on average the direct cost of zeroing is 4% to 6% and up to 50% of total application time on a...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Kathryn McKinley, Xi Yang
Microsoft Research Video
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I will describe a new approach to the old problem of automatic temporal property verification. As well as leading to dramatic performance improvements over existing techniques, this approach also sheds some light on a couple of age-old questions. This is joint work with Eric Koskinen ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Tom Ball, Byron Cook
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 27, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Web tracking is pervasive: the average popular website incorporates over fifty third-party tracking mechanisms. And web tracking is unpopular: a majority of Americans oppose the practice. Do Not Track is a technology and policy response that would provide users with a simple, universal web tracking opt out. Both the Federal Trade Commission and the Department of Commerce have signaled support. This talk explores central questions in the ongoing web privacy debate: What information do third...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Helen Wang, Jonathan Mayer
Microsoft Research Video
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What kind of theorems are easy to state yet hard to prove? This question motivates the study of propositional proof complexity. In this introductory talk I will describe the three fundamental proof-complexity measures of proof length, width, and space. These measures correspond to different aspects of the “hardness” of proving a given theorem. Then I will discuss the surprising relationships between these three measures and conclude with accessible and intriguing open questions in this...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Madhu Sudan, Eli Ben-Sasson
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 25, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Nuclear Energy will have to be a major component of any carbon-Free energy mix that must be created in order to effectively fight global warming. As it is, nuclear energy, though a very reliable and industrially successful technology has two fundamental problems- The biohazard of the long-lived nuclear waste and an eventual inadequacy of fissile fuel if nuclear energy were called upon to substitute coal power for base-load electricity. Here is a technically sound, affordable and near term...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, K. Shriraghav, Swadesh Mahajan
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 25, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Violence has been in decline for millennia. We once lived in a world in which human sacrifice, sadistic torture, brutal slavery, political murder, and blood sports were commonplace. Using more than a hundred graphs and maps, Steven Pinker shows that the conventional wisdom that we are living in a violent era is an illusion. Drawing from psychology, history, brain science, war studies, game theory, complexity theory, and popular culture, Pinker explores where violence comes from, why it has been...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Steven Pinker
1.)Testing Atomicity of Composed Concurrent Operations (OOPSLA'11) We address the problem of testing atomicity of composed concurrent operations. Concurrent libraries help programmers exploit parallel hardware by providing scalable concurrent operations with the illusion that each operation is executed atomically. However, client code often needs to compose atomic operations in such a way that the resulting composite operation is also atomic while also preserving scalability. We present a novel...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Tom Ball, Ohad Shacham and Guy Golan-Gueta
Microsoft Research Video
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Peter Binfield from the Public Library of Science demos Article Level Metrics in session II of invited demonstrations at the October 2011 eScience Workshop: Transforming Scholarly Communication . This demo was presented under the subgrouping, "Review: Standard publication-based systems, alternative rating systems, etc." Session Moderator: Alberto Pepe, postdoctoral associate, Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Facilitator: Amy Brand, Assistant Provost for Faculty Appointments...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Peter Binfield
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 24, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Sarah Greene, editor-in-chief of Faculty of 1000 demos F1000 in session II of invited demonstrations at the October 2011 eScience Workshop: Transforming Scholarly Communication . This demo was presented under the subgrouping, "Review: Standard publication-based systems, alternative rating systems, etc." Session Moderator: Alberto Pepe, postdoctoral associate, Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Facilitator: Amy Brand, Assistant Provost for Faculty Appointments & Special...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Sarah Greene
Alex Wade, director for Scholarly Communication at Microsoft Research Connections, demos the Chemistry Add-in for Word and Article Authoring Add-in for Word in Session I of invited demonstrations at the October 2011 eScience Workshop: Transforming Scholarly Communication . This demo was presented under the subgrouping, "Literature: Publications based on text and still images (creation, reviewing, dissemination, archiving, and reproducibility)." Session Moderator: Mary Lee Kennedy,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Alex Wade
Microsoft Research Video
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Mercé Crosas, director of Product Development, IQSS at Harvard University, demos Dataverse in session II of invited demonstrations at the October 2011 eScience Workshop: Transforming Scholarly Communication . This demo was presented under the subgrouping, "Resources: Seamless technologies for literature and data (literature/data search engines; cloud-based, group sharing, adjustable permissions, integration with search)" Session Moderator: Alberto Pepe, postdoctoral associate,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Merc&#233, Crosas
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 24, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Ashfaq Munshi, founder and CEO, Terabitz, demos Terabitz in session II of invited demonstrations at the October 2011 eScience Workshop: Transforming Scholarly Communication . This demo was presented under the subgrouping, "Resources: Seamless technologies for literature and data (literature/data search engines; cloud-based, group sharing, adjustable permissions, integration with search)" Session Moderator: Alberto Pepe, postdoctoral associate, Harvard Smithsonian Center for...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Ashfaq Munshi
Microsoft Research Video
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Alberto Accomazzi, project manager, NASA Astrophysics Data System at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, demos ADS and ADS Labs in session II of invited demonstrations at the October 2011 eScience Workshop: Transforming Scholarly Communication . This demo was presented under the subgrouping, "Resources: Seamless technologies for literature and data (literature/data search engines; cloud-based, group sharing, adjustable permissions, integration with search)" Session Moderator:...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Alberto Accomazzi
Microsoft Research Video
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Charles Parnot, a member of Team Mekentosj, demos Papers for iPad in Session I of invited demonstrations at the October 2011 eScience Workshop: Transforming Scholarly Communication . This demo was presented under the subgrouping, "Literature: Publications based on text and still images (creation, reviewing, dissemination, archiving, and reproducibility)." Session Moderator: Mary Lee Kennedy, Senior Associate Provost for the Library, Harvard University Facilitator: Phil Campbell,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Charles Parnot
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 24, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Jevin West from the University of Washington demos Eigenfactor in session II of invited demonstrations at the October 2011 eScience Workshop: Transforming Scholarly Communication . This demo was presented under the subgrouping, "Recognition: How can we best enable cooperation and adoption?" Session Moderator: Alberto Pepe, postdoctoral associate, Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Facilitator: Cameron Neylon, Senior Scientist at Science and Technology Facilities Council...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Jevin West
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 21, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Our original work on the Code Bubbles programming environment demonstrated that the idea of a working-set based framework for software development had a lot of promise. We have spent the past several years taking the basic concepts of Code Bubbles and extending them into a practical, useful, and fully-functional software development environment. In this talk we will demonstrate the current Code Bubbles environment for Java, show how it works, how it can be used, and why we now actually use it...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Rob DeLine, Steven P. Reiss
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 20, 2011 Microsoft Research
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This video showcases three application scenarios that have been enabled in the urban computing project. 1) Finding smart driving direction based on taxi trajectories; 2) A passenger-cabbie recommender system; 3) Glean the flawed urban planning in terms of people's city-wide mobility patterns learned from taxi trajectories. Contact: Yu Zheng, Researcher at Microsoft Research Asia, yuzheng@microsoft.com ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 20, 2011 Microsoft Research
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We will consider the problem of managing a mini-market with! two checkout counters, one of them serving as an express lane. For many of the standard job size distributions such as the exponential distribution,the problem of managing the mini-market is rather nasty. However, for some distributions, the! management problem becomes very easy. We will provide some examples coming from the Taniyama-Shimura conjecture and explain the general connection between mini-market queues and number theory,...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Henry Cohn, Eitan Bachmat
Microsoft Research Video
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Our programming languages have been developed for the single machine programming model, while our current computing environment is distributed and parallel. For example, web applications are programs that run on three different machines, client, server, and database. This results in boilerplate code for encoding communication between layers, and it leads to polyglot programming with limited cross language consistency checking, leading to late detection of failures. Domain-specific languages...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Sebastian Burckhardt, Eelco Visser
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 19, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Software professionals typically divide their work by roles---developers, testers, and so on---, but researchers have yet to examine the nature of these basic elements of organization in detail. In this talk, I will first present a theoretical framework formulated to address this gap. The framework is adapted from sociological and organizational research, and it defines roles as social constructs formed by sets of expectations. Since expectations shift, the roles that they constitute evolve and...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Andrew Begel, Aranda Jorge
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 19, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Handheld projector systems have the potential to enable users to dynamically augment environments with digital graphics. With Augmented Projector we explore new parts of the design space for interacting using handheld projection in indoor spaces, in particular systems that are more "aware" of the environment in which they are used. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 18, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Seasonal and year-to-year variations in leaf cover, also known as phenology, imprint significant spatial and temporal variability on biogeochemical cycles, and affect land-surface properties related to climate, but are as yet poorly understood. I will present a simple global model of phenology, based on the hypothesis that trees adjust their leaf gain and loss to achieve an optimal leaf area index (LAI). I will show how this strategy applies for tropical moist and dry forests and temperate...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Matthew Smith, Caldararu Silvia
Microsoft Research Video
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The world’s appetite for energy is growing. Today, oil use in the developed world averages 14 barrels per person per year. In the developing world, it is only 3 barrels per person. How will the world cope when billions of people go from 3 barrels to 6 barrels? Energy and its challenges—where it comes from, who controls it, how it affects the planet—will be a defining issue for our future. Yergin presents the compelling story of modern energy—how it came to be the way it is, how it...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Kirsten Wiley, Daniel Yergin
Microsoft Research Video
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The Technology for Emerging Markets (TEM) group at Microsoft Research India seeks to address the needs and aspirations of people in the world's developing communities. Our research targets people who are just beginning to use computing technologies and services as well as those for whom access to computing still remains largely out of reach. Most of our work falls under the rubric of the relatively young field of Information and Communication Technology for Development (ICTD or ICT4D). By...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, asellen, Ed Cutrell
Microsoft has installed “Windows” through which the educated can see the beautiful colors of the world. But for millions of poor children, these “Windows” will remain shut for ever if they don’t learn to read. India has 100 million such children who will never read. These are children of poor illiterates. Pratham, a large literacy NGO helps such children succeed in schools by teaching them basic skills of reading, writing and math. Pratham, meaning “first” in Sanskrit, started as...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Anoop Gupta, Yogi Patel
Microsoft Research Video
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The touch screen is the preeminent human-computer interface of our times. Touch input technologies such as the projected capacitance sensors found on many smart phones are rapidly advancing. But what about touch output? In this talk, we’ll discuss “surface haptics”: programmable haptic interaction for physical surfaces such as touch screens and touch pads. Four main approaches – vibration, shape, electrotactile, and shear force – will be reviewed, but emphasis will be given to shear...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Desney Tan, Ed Colgate and Michael A. Peshkin
Microsoft Research Video
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PocketTouch is a capacitive sensing prototype that enables eyes-free multitouch input on a handheld device without having to remove the device from the pocket of one’s pants, shirt, bag, or purse. PocketTouch enables a rich set of gesture interactions, ranging from simple touch strokes to full alphanumeric text entry. Our prototype device consists of a custom multitouch capacitive sensor mounted on the back of a smartphone. Similar capabilities could be enabled on most existing capacitive...
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Microsoft Research Video
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Vermeer is a novel interactive 360° viewable display suitable for a tabletop form factor. It provides viewpoint corrected stereoscopic 3D graphics to simultaneous users 360° around the display, without the need for eyewear or other user instrumentation. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Microsoft Research Video
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TouchDevelop is a new a software development environment that runs on the Windows Phone itself, no separate PC required. From the ground up, TouchDevelop has been designed for touchscreen devices, targeting non-professional developers. TouchDevelop comes with a typed, structured programming language that allows rich auto-completion, a code editor customized for touchscreen and big fingers, an execution engine that deals seamlessly with tombstoning, and an easy-to-use built-in API to access web...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Arjmand Samuel and Ben Lower, Nikolai...
Microsoft Research Video
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In this presentation I will outline two projects which I have been working on during my PhD.Both projects are related to the elliptic curve discrete logarithm problem (ECDLP): the theoretical foundation of many modern cryptosystems.First I will outline how we have set a new record by solving the ECDLP over a 112-bit prime field using a cluster of PlayStation 3 game consoles in 2009.Next, the negation map optimization is discussed: this is an technique to speed up the Pollard rho method when...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Peter Montgomery, Joppe Bos
Microsoft Research Video
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The TV white spaces offer an exciting opportunity for increasing spectrum availability by reusing spectrum not in active use by TVs and wireless mics. While it is simpler to detect TV transmissions, either using sensing or through the whitespace database, the detection of wireless mics is particularly challenging. Their use is dynamic and, furthermore, mic receivers are receive-only devices. For this reason the FCC has made very conservative rules that require white space devices (WSDs) to...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Ivan Tashev, Ranveer Chandra
Correspondence analysis and ancillary data analysis and visualization methods, such as hierarchical clustering, constitute a powerful and versatile platform for data mining and machine learning. As we describe, semantic analysis of textual data is supported well in this framework, and also analysis of change or anomaly. We begin by taking the prescripts and principles discussed by Robert McKee in his book Story: Substance, Structure, Style, and the Principles of Screenwriting, Methuen, 1999....
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Pushmeet Kohli, Fionn Murtagh and Adam Ganz
Microsoft Research Video
Oct 5, 2011 Microsoft Research
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We are starting to see a fundamental transformation in how we interact with computers and what we can expect from them. Powered by insights from big data, more natural user interfaces, and a merging of the physical and digital worlds, this new era of computing will enable exciting new capabilities. Craig Mundie, chief research and strategy officer of Microsoft Corporation, discusses how we can harness these new technologies to take on some of the world’s most complex challenges. ©2011...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Although many patients appreciate access to their health information through personal health records (PHRs) and patient portals, such tools provide support for only a narrow slice of patient’s personal health information management needs. Consider Sue, who is undergoing treatment for breast cancer and is trying to maintain her management position at work and care for her small child while she keeps track of what questions she has for her doctor, what side effects she is having from her...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Desney Tan, Wanda Pratt
Microsoft Research Video
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From the Andrew Herbert Career Celebration Workshop. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Andy Gordon
Microsoft Research Video
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From the Andrew Herbert Career Celebration Workshop. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Andrew Herbert
Microsoft Research Video
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From the Andrew Herbert Career Celebration Workshop. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Herman Hauser
From the Andrew Herbert Career Celebration Workshop. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Brendan Murphy
A natural response to unsustainable increases in energy production and use is to seek ways that each of us can decrease our energy footprint. However, it is daunting to identify and adopt personal lifestyle modifications that result in meaningful reduction or elimination of energy consumption. Development and maintenance of social networks is an arena where we face choices that could reduce our energy impact. However, the energy costs of social network choices are currently unknown or difficult...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Jonathan Grudin, Tom Finholt
Microsoft Research Video
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I will briefly recall the connection between the Sparsest Cut problem in graphs and low-distortion embeddings of finite metric spaces into L 1 . Then I will talk about a recent approach to lower bounds pioneered by Cheeger and Kleiner (2006), following a conjecture we made with Naor (2003). The main idea is to develop a differentiation theory for L 1 -valued mappings. I will discuss a discrete version of this theory (following Eskin-Fisher-Whyte and Lee-Raghavendra). I will then construct a...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Yuval Peres, James Lee
Microsoft Research Video
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Bernoulli-logistic Latent Gaussian Models (bLGMs) subsume many popular models for binary data, such as Bayesian logistic regression, Gaussian process classification, probabilistic principal components analysis, and factor analysis. Fitting this models is difficult due to an intractable logistic-Gaussian integral in the marginal likelihood. Even the standard variational framework, which involves application of Jensen's inequality, does not make the integral tractable. In this work, we propose...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Dengyong Zhou, Emtiyaz Khan
Microsoft Research Video
Sep 28, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Users of social media websites are engaging in public conversations at an unprecedented scale. This massive corpus of naturally occurring, open-domain conversations presents new challenges and opportunities for data-driven conversation modeling. In this talk I will describe work on automatically generating replies to open-domain Status Messages in Twitter. In order to leverage millions of naturally occurring conversations, we adapt techniques from Statistical Machine Translation (SMT), to build...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Bill Dolan, Alan Ritter
Microsoft Research Video
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Rich statistical models have revolutionized computer vision research: graphical models and structured prediction in particular are now commonly usedtools to address hard computer vision problems. I discuss what distinguishesthese computer vision problems from other machine learning problems and howthis poses unique challenges. I argue that most computer vision models are misspecified and discuss theconsequences of popular estimators in this case, concluding that we eitherhave to use...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Andrew Fitzgibbon, Sebastian Nowozin
Microsoft Research Video
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Microsoft Research Asia senior researcher Xin Tong performs a live demonstration of the Kinect-based Object Digitization technology enabling the creation of 3-D objects based on just a couple of snapshots and allowing Xbox users to play with their favorite toys in both real and virtual worlds, and share their cool gadgets with friends. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Microsoft Research Video
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Microsoft Research Asia senior researcher Lintao Zhang explains “Tiger,” the next-generation index serving platform for Bing, and shows a video describing the collaboration between Microsoft Research Asia and Bing's engineering teams in China and the US. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Microsoft Research Video
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Microsoft Research Asia and Bing's engineering teams in China and the US collaborated to develop "Tiger," the next-generation index serving platform for Bing. Index serving is the most critical infrastructure for any search engine. The new architecture in Tiger leverages emerging Solid State Disk (SSD) technology to improve overall efficiency and open doors for further improvements. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Microsoft Research Video
Sep 27, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Introducing how Kinect performs player identity recognition in Xbox, what we call "Kinect Identity." A primary challenge in developing a natural user interface for the Kinect is how to seamlessly recognize a player's identity to ensure a smooth and natural user experience. Kinect identity combines three kinds of information to distinguish the users: face, clothes, and body skeleton. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Microsoft Research Video
Sep 27, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Microsoft Researcher danah boyd’s research looks at the myths surrounding teens and privacy and the ways different teens reconcile technology with their public and private lives. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Danah Boyd
Microsoft Research Video
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Analysis of medical images is essential in modern medicine. With the increasing amount of patient data, new challenges and opportunities arise for different phases of the clinical routine, such as diagnosis, surgery and therapy. The InnerEye research project focuses on the automatic analysis of patients' scans. It uses state of the art machine learning techniques for: Automatic detection and segmentation of healthy anatomy, as well as anomalies; Semantic navigation and visualization for...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive, Antonio Criminsi
Microsoft Research Video
Sep 27, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Rick Rashid, Chief Research Officer, Microsoft Research, makes opening remarks at the Microsoft Research Redmond's 20th anniversary event. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Hsiao-Wuen Hon, managing director of Microsoft Research Asia, welcomed the organization’s long-term collaborators as part of commemorating two decades of Microsoft Research. He highlighted the latest research developed in areas including systems and software, data mining and internet search, and natural user interface, as well as the Asia lab’s contributions to Kinect-related technologies. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive
Craig Mundie, Microsoft chief research and strategy officer, kicked off Microsoft Research’s global 20th anniversary events at Microsoft Research Asia in Beijing, China. He described how latest advances in areas such as natural user interfaces, machine learning, and big data will bring about a new era in computing. As one example of how Microsoft Research helps fuel the core businesses of Microsoft, he announced one of the latest technology transfers, “Tiger,” the next-generation index...
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Microsoft Research Video
Sep 27, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Most of us possess physical objects or heirlooms which connect us to our past and which provoke us to think about how we may someday pass on our own treasured objects to those we care about. Increasingly, though, the traces of our lives are made manifest in the digital world. Some collections of digital data we may deliberately amass, but others are simply the result of the digital footprint we inevitably and often inadvertently leave behind us in the online world. The move to the cloud...
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Microsoft Research Video
Sep 27, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Oliver Williams, Researcher at Microsoft Silicon Valley shares his journey working on the Xbox Kinect Body Tracking Pipeline algorithms. The key opportunities, key challenges and the importance of strong collaborations between researchers and the Xbox product team on the road to delivering a unique consumer gaming experience. And, the opportunities Kinect has unlocked for future research directions. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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Shahram Izadi, Andrew Fitzgibbon, Jamie Shotton and Tom Rodden discuss and demonstrate Natural User Interfaces during the 20th Anniversary event in Cambridge, UK. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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At Microsoft Research, we are celebrating over 20 years of turning ideas into products that continuously improve the way people interact with technology. We advance the state of the art in computer science through exploration and new approaches to solve large, complex problems. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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Microsoft Research Video
Sep 26, 2011 Microsoft Research
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KinectFusion takes live depth data from a moving depth camera and creates high-quality 3-D models in real time. The system enables a user to scan a whole room and its contents within seconds. As the space is explored, new views of the scene and objects are revealed and fused into a single 3-D model. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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Microsoft Research Video
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Microsoft researchers are rethinking computing, whether it is the transformative effects of many-core parallelism on programming systems and architectures to massive cloud-computing systems and diverse clients to deliver a new generation of secure, private experiences via natural user interfaces. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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Microsoft Research Video
Sep 23, 2011 Microsoft Research
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Computer-science collaborators describe Microsoft Research's role as a leader and partner. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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Microsoft Research Video
Sep 23, 2011 Microsoft Research
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With the explosion of data collection that is outpacing Moore's Law, Microsoft Research is developing and applying algorithms to massive amounts of data to help understand the genetic causes of major diseases, aging, as well as environmental issues and other areas of science. ©2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Learn more Microsoft Research and the Environment Our Research: Computational Sciences Our Research: Health and Well-Being Earth, Energy and Environment Collaboration...
Topics: Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research Video Archive